News stories about China
https://www.chinasage.info/news.xml Here are some news stories we have found that we think tell you much about what is going on in China. We avoid stories on politics and economics as these are adequately covered on news web sites. These News stories are available as a news-feed so you can receive notifications of these automatically in your browser. Click on the RSS button to add it to your browser or copy and paste the link.
In a merger of the very old and very new it is now possible to download a computer model of a terracotta warrior and print it out with a 3-D printer. In a scheme to engage youngsters with the Chinese Qin dynasty a miniature plastic model complete with banner engraved with words of your choosing, can be yours for free. A number of different forms are available, the charioteer can be used as a pen holder for instance. It's a novel way to promote an interest in history and archeology.
There are currently no plans for life-size models to be made available.
The famous terracotta warriors at the tomb of the first Qin Emperor Shihuangdi
For thousands of years Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been used very widely in China. The World Health Organization (special agency of the UN) has aroused some debate by publicly supporting TCM as a legitimate medicinal option by including a chapter on it in their global compendium.
Since the PRC was founded in 1949 China has supported both the Western system of medicine and the Traditional. Initially this was a necessity as funds could not support the rapid creation of a Western system of hospitals and medicines for 1,000 million people. Since then there has been a drift towards using both systems for different purposes. For injuries and infections Western treatments are sought while for long-term and minor ailments the traditional system is used. Another factor is cost, China does not have a free health service and so a cheap TCM treatment is attractive compared to a hospital visit. Many Chinese believe TCM can be a good preventive before a disease takes hold.
One of the main concerns about TCM is that quite a few remedies require parts of endangered animals. With increased prosperity these supposed cures for arthritis; impotence and so on have become increasingly sought after. However many ingredients are from common plants and fungi and do not give the same cause for concern as with tigers, pangolins, sea horses and other animals. Acupuncture and moxibustion are part of TCM and these do not require ingesting dubious ingredients.
The main criticism has always been that it has unproven efficacy; however some of the ingredients have been shown to have useful medical properties. The use of herbal medicine in Europe only came to an end in the early 20th century. Every village would have a herbalist with there own special potions. Here also some treatments were beneficial, many of no demonstrable effect (placebo) and a few were dangerously toxic. In China the government spent considerable effort in the 1970s and 80s to choose the ones that are beneficial and this is one reason why TCM has better credentials than remedies from elsewhere.
Dispensing traditional medicine prescriptions. Graham Street Market, Hong Kong. 2010 Image by deror_avi ➚ available under a Creative Commons license ➚.
The impressive stonework of the Great Wall can not fail to impress visitors, but for a good proportion of its great length the wall is in a dilapidated state. In the dry region of the Gobi desert, rain is so infrequent that stone was not needed to protect the wall - it could be built up in layers of tamped earth.
In Ningxia province there used to be 936 miles [1,507 kms] but only 314 miles [506 kms] of Great Wall remaining. Restorer Yang Long is working slowly and carefully to restore the old tamped earth. After many experiments they have come up with a close modern alternative using the same old material and tools. Layers of earth are reinforced with layers of gravel and needle-grass. The soil is tamped by hand with iron or wooden hammers. It is a slow process, it takes Yang Long a whole year to restore just 875 yards [800 meters] of the wall. It is hoped the restored wall will be good for another two thousand years.
The ruins of the Great Wall, this section is a mud built wall that was erected during the rule of the Ming Dynasty, Ningxia. Part of the Great Wall awaiting restoration.
Beijing already has the world's second busiest airport - Beijing Capital International. As traffic continues to expand a huge new airport has been built at Daxing (Beijing Daxing International) which is a little further out from the capital - in fact on the border of Beijing metropolitan area with Hebei province 27 miles south of central Beijing. It covers 47 square kilometers and is due to be formally opened in June before taking passenger aircraft in September.
On May 14th the first aircraft have tested it out for landing (just crew without passengers). Four different types were used (Boeing 747-8, Airbus 350, Airbus 380 and Boeing 787-9) to check suitability for all the current types large aircraft. A new expressway has been built to the airport which will have seven runways. It is expected to handle 45 million passengers by 2021 and 72 million by 2025.
There are clear signs of a shift of preferences for Chinese students studying abroad. A foreign degree is still seen as a passport to a good job and so wealthy families seek to get there children a university degree from a foreign university. One side effect of the Trump trade wars is that these students are looking for places other than the U.S.. This trend has also been accelerated by the scandal over the buying of places ➚ at top U.S. universities for millions of dollars. In this case millions were donated for supposedly charitable purposes but actually used to bribe admissions staff. Students with a poor academic record were able to be admitted due to made-up claims that the candidate was a gifted athlete.
The U.S. still retains top spot with 43% for aspiring Chinese students but the U.K. is now hard on the heels at 41%. These nations are followed by Australia and Canada - fluency in English is still a top requirement from parents. The fees paid by Chinese students is a very important source of income for financially strapped institutions.
Meanwhile there is an increasing trend for students to study in Chinese universities as it is building up to be the largest trading nation.
The centenary of the May fourth movement is being celebrated in China. President Xi has given a speech at the Great Hall of the People applauding the mass movement that succeeded in changing China's future direction. His speech noted ’the May Fourth Movement was a great patriotic and revolutionary campaign pioneered by advanced young intellectuals and joined by the people from all walks of life to resolutely fight imperialism and feudalism.With its mighty force, the movement inspired the ambition and confidence of the Chinese people and nation to realize national rejuvenation’. Back in early 1919 the Chinese government had acquiesced to many of the demands of Japan and seemed to agree with the ceding of Shandong to Japan during the Versailles Treaty negotiations.
The movement began in Beijing with students but soon spread to Tianjin and all the major cities. The protests only died down when the government conceded to many of the protestors demands. The students turned to Marxism (Russia had had its revolution only 2 years before) and many key future leaders of the Chinese Communist Party became involved in the student protests - in particular Zhou Enlai. May 4th is now celebrated as 'Youth Day' each year. Our web site has a full description of these revolutionary events here.
29th November 1919. More than 30,000 male and female students from 34 schools in Beijing gathered in front of Tiananmen Square to denounce the Japanese imperialists for killing the people of Fuzhou and protesting against Japanese ships invading Fuzhou. After the meeting, demonstrations were held, and slogans such as "Strive for Fujian" and "Resist Japan" were sloganed along the way, and more than 100 kinds of flyers were distributed, totaling 78,000. When the brigade went through the General Chamber of Commerce, it also sent representatives to the inside to ask the Beijing Business Bank to boycott Japanese goods and to break the Japanese economy. Image by Sidney D. Gamble available under a Creative Commons License ➚
The Marvel Avengers film series has been immensely popular in China. The last film in the franchise (but who is to say there may be more at some stage) 'End Game' attracted over 3 million people on its opening night. Film makers are looking increasingly to China as a lucrative market for their films. With cinema goers reducing in numbers in most countries due to increased home viewing of films, the Chinese passion for going out to watch movies is an important revenue stream. The film has already made $115 million in China.
Many people queued for hours waiting for the midnight viewing and fans were not disappointed. The film has a very loyal fan-base that has grown steadily since the first film in the series in 2008. The popularity does seem a little strange as there is no Asian lead actors and the setting is very much in the United States. Unlike films such as 'Bohemian Rhapsody' the Chinese censors have let it through without requiring edits.
Last November we highlighted a news story about the spread of Asian Swine Fever. Despite tough action by the authorities it continues to be reported in isolated cases all over China. The fever has no cure and it is fairly easily transmitted. Pig farmers face hardship or ruin if the disease strikes so it seems likely that farmers are delaying reporting sick animals in the hope they'll escape a cull of all their animals.
Previously the authorities banned farmers from testing their own animals, in a significant reversal the ban has been removed. Hopefully farmers will test and report cases earlier and so allow the disease to be contained before it spreads.
It's possible that 200 million pigs will need to be killed to try to limit the disease which in itself is raising concerns about availability of pig meat. Pig meat is the staple meat particularly in northern China. 54 million tons is consumed annually and China is home to half the pigs in the whole world so it is a big deal.
The rarer, native pig breeds are being pushed out by the faster growing imported breeds and this is having an effect on specialist meat production for example dried hams. The more universal breeds may be fueling the disease as the declining native breeds may be more disease resistance.
The authorities are not yet calling it an epidemic but are concerned that early detection and hygiene procedures are not being carried out as diligently as they need to control the disease.
The nomadic herdsmen of northern and north-western China have seen their way of life under threat. Youngsters are moving to the cities to avoid a dreary, impoverished life as nomads out in the Gobi desert fringes on the northern steppes.
Technology is now delivering answers that make the nomadic life more attractive. One approach involves putting electronic tags on the whole herd of camels. The herders no longer need to spend lots of time finding stray animals - they can just use a phone app to discover where they all are.
Hi tech is also helping shepherds and cowherds - a new piece of technology detects when animals approach a drinking station and automatically dispenses water for them. This saves wasting a great deal of time that would otherwise be needed to go round to keep topping up drinking water.
It's estimated that these and other innovations can save the herdsmen about half their working time making it far less arduous.
Densely populated Hong Kong
It used to be common in the early morning, less so now, to see groups of people gathering in public parks to dance together. Although tai chi is done in silence the dance groups perform to the loud blare of amplified music. The noise was a disturbance for those not getting up quite so early. Now a group of middle aged women in Chongqing, central China, have come up with a solution. They all use MP3 players and earphones so that they can all dance in time but in apparent silence. The dance steps keep the participants fit and healthy and maybe the peaceful atmosphere will encourage younger people to take up the custom.
Street dancer at the shore of Xihu (West Lake) on Sangongyuan (Three Parks) - Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, 22.11.2014. Image by Hermann Luyken ➚ available under a Creative Commons License ➚
Is it a sign of new-found confidence that at least one Chinese blogger has questioned the need to learn the English language?
For at least fifty years the learning of English has been seen as the passport to get that all important better job and get on in life. Early tourists were pestered by the locals honing their English language skills. Many English words like 'coffee' have made their way into the Chinese language.
In his post, Hua Qianfang says that studying the English language was “... a trash skill for most Chinese that wastes countless energy and money and has cost children their childhoods”.
The tables could now be starting to turn with businessmen keen to learn Chinese so they can aspire to land a deal in China without language difficulties. Learning written Chinese is known to be more of a struggle than other languages adding may be a year to achieve the same proficiency in writing. English has been a compulsory part of the primary school curriculum since the 1990s and must be a seen as quite a burden on the young if it is not to be of much use in life.
Although many disagree with the blogger Hua Qianfang, the fact that it is being discussed may mark an important change of direction. Just as English people are among the worst for knowledge of foreign languages it may be that Chinese people will return the compliment.
That judgment may be a bit harsh, the blogger makes it clear that it is technology that is making the vital difference. With modern natural language translation algorithms it is perfectly possible to get by with machine translation now - and this happens in real time. So the need to learn the language has dramatically decreased. Real-time translation is perfectly adequate for day-to-day business dealings but what will be lost is the appreciation of foreign languages and culture.
Some businesses have come under criticism for only accepting electronic payments and not cash. China is leading in the adoption of payment by smartphone (583 million people). In Shenzhen, China's main technology and manufacturing hub, new technology is being tested to let customers pay by just posing in front of a screen. The camera will then use facial recognition to match to an individual and take payment.
It is being tested at the Futian station on Shenzhen's subway network as well as the local branch of KFC. In theory this will work for everyone including the elderly who still carry cash and have no smartphone.
However the state and local authorities are also trialing facial recognition to automatically identify people involved in minor infringements. In one case cameras will spot and identify people who cross the road with the pedestrian crossing sign on red (jay -walker). As these minor infringements end up reducing the overall 'good citizenship' score it is a strong encouragement. A low score makes getting a loan, a house or permits more difficult.
Exit A of Lian Hua Cun Metro Station in Shenzhen. January 2019. Image by ??? available under a Creative Commons License ➚
After the probable extinction of the Yangzi river dolphin - the Baiji (白鱀豚 Bái jì tún) the Chinese are keen to preserve its close relative the finless porpoise 江豚 Jiāng tún - affectionately known as the ‘river pig’. This has involved the introduction of bans on fishing which has caused the many communities to suffer. Zhu Changhong is one such fisherman, he was forced at the beginning of 2019 to give up his fishing boat that had been in his family for generations. In 2000 the Tongling Freshwater Dolphins National Nature Reserve, Anhui was created which included the stretch of Yangzi/Yangtse river he used to fish. Since then the periods of fishing bans has been extended until it was applied to the whole year round. It is not just over fishing that is causing river dolphin population to plummet, increased river traffic and pollution have played their part too.
The Yangzi finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis ssp. asiaeorientalis) is a critically endangered species with only about a thousand individuals remaining, it is often called a river dolphin. Zhu Changhong has been give a new role to which he has adapted, he now patrols the river collecting trash and recording sightings of the porpoises. He collects 441 pounds [200 kgs] of rubbish each day from about 7 miles [12 kms] for which he is paid 600 yuan.
Neophocaena phocaenoides. Image by 냥이 available under a Creative Commons License ➚
In more suspicious times the U.S. Senate are urging more scrutiny and openness about the many Confucian Institutes. There are about 500 institutes worldwide often associated with a university, 94 in the U.S. and 23 in the UK . They are created to spread the knowledge about Chinese culture and language. They can be seen as an example of China's increasing use of 'soft power' to increase its influence worldwide.
The report is most concerned about the situation in U.S. schools. There seems to be less control and accountability of the funds received. The problem is that the initiative is funded and controlled by China's central government and not as a purely charitable venture. Senators are concerned that the funding could be used for political purposes. Perhaps schools and universities could be gently persuaded to change teaching in order to acquire the much needed funds.
They want the funding for schools to be stopped and the university funding to be brought under greater scrutiny.
Statue of Confucius at the Imperial Academy (Guozijian) Beijing
In China there is huge pressure on children to perform well at school. Children will normally fill their non-school hours with activities to enhance their all important chances for achieving good grades and acquiring useful skills from very early years. In recent years a great many organizations have popped up that offer after-school classes in all sorts of subjects. The government is now stepping in to regulate the market and so prevent wild claims of potential success in this very competitive and lucrative market.
Girl doing school work
As the name suggests many bright, colorful lanterns mark the festival and it is the days when dragon dances are frequently seen.
One particular spectacular event has been 'iron fireworks'. Wang De is one of the last few practitioners of this ancient skill that dates back 500 years. To make his display he hurls molten iron at a wall to form a cloud of sparks. Wang De wears sheepskin for protection and uses a willow spoon to ladle out small amounts of metal. The unusual skill grew up in a community of blacksmiths in Hubei province in the Ming dynasty.
With China in the middle of the Chinese New Year it seems appropriate to report a good news story. In this case it has worldwide benefit, not just to Chinese people.
China has been busy planting trees for decades and the effect is on such a vast scale that it is visible from space. A NASA satellite has found increased vegetation worldwide 2,000,000 sq miles [5,179,976 sq kms] and about 25% of this is in China. The total area added is similar to the size of the Amazon rain forest and so this is very significant change. An early push for reforestation was to help prevent flooding in the Yellow River basin. Intensive farming in the north had removed all the trees that stabilized the friable loess soil. In flash floods the soil easily liquifies and creates dangerous thick mud that easily blocks river channels. Tree planting began back in the 1970s and now heavy rain does not cause as big a problem. Shelter belts have also been planted to try to hold back the sands of the Gobi desert that are often deposited in Beijing in summer.
A good proportion of the greening seen by the NASA satellite is not due to trees but from other vegetation - including crops. Much of this effect was seen in India, this is due to increased plant growth from the use of fertilizers and pesticides. In China it is mainly from forests rather than agriculture. This is partly because in China people continue to move from rural farming into the burgeoning cities. Small scale agriculture has become increasingly uneconomic and plots of land are reverting to patches of woodland.
Although this greening is to be welcomed it is unfortunately not sufficient to mitigate the greenhouse gas emissions and reduce climate change significantly, but every little helps. The government is on target to achieve its aim of 23% forest coverage by 2020 -by comparison the UK, widely considered a green and pleasant land, has only 13% forest coverage. March 12th each year is designated the official tree planting day where everyone is encouraged to go out and plant a tree. This was instituted in 1981 and is now showing great benefits.
Looking up in a bamboo forest
It is little known that for China it was the trade across the Pacific in the 16th and 17th centuries that really opened up international trade and not the Portuguese at Macau. When the pope divided the world between the Spanish and Portuguese the line drawn had wide repercussions. Portugal could trade from Europe via the Cape of Good Hope to the Spice Islands and China while Spain had the control of trade to Mexico ('New Spain') and then over the Pacific to East Asia. The discovery of huge amounts of silver in Mexico and Peru gave the Spanish something with which to buy Chinese luxury goods. The Spanish dollar 'pieces of eight' became the common currency and it was on this coin that the American dollar was based (and later the Hong Kong dollar). Many of the luxury items from China that arrived in Mexico were carried over to the eastern coast and from thence by sea to Europe. It was a very lucrative trade and only ended when Mexico gained independence and the opium trade began. The trade is less well known because the main port was not on the Chinese mainland but at Manilla in the Philippines where a thriving Chinese colony rapidly expanded.
This page on SCMP gives a huge amount of interesting information about this trade route, including the details of how the mighty galleons were built.
Spanish galleon firing its cannons at other ships. Cornelis Verbeecq, c. 1590. National Gallery of Art, Washington. D.C. Available under a Creative Commons License ➚
The Chinese appetite for the sweet and sticky Durian fruit is causing a few issues.
In four years the price has tripled to over $22 a kilo. The tropical fruit is mainly grown in Thailand and Malaysia and the much higher profits are driving farmers to clear ancient, unspoilt forests to expand their orchards. The most sought after variety is Musang King and farmers can make nine times the profit from growing it than producing palm oil. The environmental damage from forest clearance has poisoned the rivers and driven out indigenous tribes. The forest used to be home to wildlife and many rare medicinal plants. The Orang Asli tribe are particularly badly hit and are now trying to block further encroachment. It seems that some pressure from the central Malaysian government may be slowing down the dash to grow more Durian fruit trees.
The city of Hong Kong at night
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